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Prostate Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Imaging (MRSI) is used to examine the prostate to distinguish between normal tissue, tumours, infection, and other abnormalities as well as assess changes following treatment.
The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is located below the bladder, where urine is stored, and surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries the urine and other fluids out of the body. The prostate helps make the milky fluid, called semen, that carries sperm. Magnetic Resonance Imaging uses the changes in the behaviour of atomic particles when they are exposed to radio waves in the presence of a strong magnetic field to create an image of the prostate gland. Magnetic resonance measures the relaxation times of hydrogen protons after they have been excited by radio waves. Differences in hydrogen content between healthy and diseased tissue allows the visualization of abnormalities. MRSI provides additional information about the chemicals present in the cells.